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Emergency Relief Systems
for Runaway Chemical Reactions
and Storage Vessels:
A Summary of Multiphase Flow Methods

        Special Details: 
        Electronic Publication
        Publish Date: 1986
        Pages: 200pp
        Price: $65
        ISBN No: 0-8169-0390-5
        Pub No: B-2



AIChE/DIERS



This manual highlights multiphase flow phenomenology relevant to design of emergency relief systems for runaway chemical reactions and storage vessels, including aspects of gas disengagement within the vessel and gas-liquid flow within the vent line. It also provides organized background material, so the reader can make a detailed study of the underlying physical models. Additional support material includes development of energy balances, multi-component methodology, and physical property packages used in the SAFIRE Computer Code.




Small/Large-Scale Experimental
Data and Analysis

          Special Details: 
          Electronic Publication
          Publish Date: 1986
          Price: $125
          ISBN No: 0-8169-0367-0
          Pub No: B-3





AIChE/DIERS

These reports present large-scale test data useful for the better understanding of vessel and vent line multiphase flow behavior applicable to emergency relief of chemical systems. Included are depressurization data for water, soapy water, ethylbenzene, polystyrene-polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, hexane and hexane-polybutadiene, and runaway reaction data for styrene-polystyrene-polystyrene. Vessel sizes ranged from 32 liters (45tests) to 2000 liters (25 tests). Information consists of the time-temperature-pressure-void fraction history and analysis of each test. Complete apparatus design details are provided to facilitate independent analysis of the data bank. Topics include:

  • 10 Small / Large-Scale Experimental Data and Analysis Reports,
  • Large-Scale Integral Tests: Facility Description,
  • Large-Scale Rubber Cement High Viscosity Two-Phase Flow Test Report,
  • Large-Scale Polystyrene-Ethyl benzene High Viscosity Two-Phase Test Report,
  • Analysis of DIERS Phase III Blowdown Tests,
  • Equipment Design and Pretest Analysis for Series I Tests and
  • Experimental Results for Series I, II, III, and IV Tests.

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